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The Unity Of Indian Culture Question Answer BSEB Class 10 English Panorama-II Book

 

 

BSEB Class 10 English Panorama-II Book Lesson 7 The Unity Of Indian Culture Question Answer 

 

The Unity Of Indian Culture Question Answers: Looking for The Unity Of Indian Culture important questions and answers for BSEB Class 10 English Panorama-II Book? Look no further! Our comprehensive compilation of important questions will help you brush up on your subject knowledge. Practicing BSEB Class 10 English question answers can significantly improve your performance in the board exam. Improve your chances of scoring high marks by exploring The Unity Of Indian Culture question answers now. The questions listed below are based on the latest BSEB exam pattern. All the exercises and Questions Answers given at the back of the lesson have also been covered. 

 

 

Bihar Board Class 10 English Chapter 7 The Unity Of Indian Culture Question and Answers 

 

Exercise

 

B.1.1. Write ‘T’ for true and ‘F’ for false statements:

1. The vitality of Indian culture is not amazing.
2. The ancient world threw up fine flowers of civilization in many lands.
3. The old civilization and culture have grown up and changed only in Japan.
4. The Aryans were regarded as the earliest invaders of the land.
5. Give the opposites of the following words:
(i). Modern ……………
(ii).Conquer ……………..
(iii).Unity …………….
(iv).Possible ………….
(v). Dead ……………..

Ans.
1. T
2. F
3. T
4. F
5. (i). Old
(ii). liberate
(iii). division
(iv).impossible
(v). alive

B.1.2 Answer the following questions briefly

1. Who has delivered the speech ‘The Unity of Indian Culture?’
Ans. Humayun Kabir delivered the speech “The Unity of Indian Culture.”

2. How were the Aryans regarded till recently?
Ans. Till recently, the Aryans were regarded as the earliest invaders of the land.

3. How did the pre-Aryans build up a new civilization?
Ans. The pre-Aryans built up a new civilization by displacing earlier people and evolving a civilization higher than that of the Aryan hordes.

4. What, according to the author, is the most remarkable feature of Indian Culture?
Ans. According to the author, the most remarkable feature of Indian culture is its underlying unity.

5. Where has old civilization and culture grown and changed?
Ans. The old civilization and culture have grown and changed in India and to some extent in China.

B.2.1 Answer the following questions briefly

1. What has been the policy of the Indian in all spheres of life?
Ans. The policy of the Indian in all spheres of life has been “Live and let live.”

2. What is preferable to fanatic devotion?
Ans. Tolerance is preferable to fanatic devotion.

3. Which spirit underlines the changes of Indian history?
Ans. The spirit of underlying unity underlines the changes of Indian history.

4. How does Humayun Kabir define culture?
Ans. Humayun Kabir defines culture as a complex of many strands of varying importance and vitality, encompassing various aspects of societal organization and expression.

5. How does Humayun Kabir define civilization?
Ans. Humayun Kabir defines civilization as the organization of society that creates the condition for culture to thrive.

6. What does the experience of European countries give us?
Ans. The experience of European countries gives us cases of civilization without culture.

C.1. Long Answer Questions

1. What in your opinion are the characteristic features of Indian culture?
Ans. I think the best part about Indian culture is the unity amongst people. We do not see such unity and harmony in any other civilization that is divided into so many faiths. The variety of races, the number of different people and their different ethnicities form an important part of Indian culture and its heritage. Despite the fact that there have been many changes and variations described into the culture, Indian culture has still managed to keep up with modern culture due to its vitality. Even though Indian culture it’s a very old form of culture it has still remained relevant in today’s day due to its unifying factor and the ability to readjust with time.

2. How is Indian culture different from the cultures of other countries?
Ans. Indian culture stands out for its remarkable blend of diversity and unity. Unlike many other cultures, Indian culture is characterized by its vast array of languages, religions, traditions, and customs coexisting harmoniously. This diversity is unified by a shared sense of Indianness, emphasizing the principle of “unity in diversity.” Additionally, Indian culture boasts a rich spiritual heritage, with concepts like karma and dharma shaping societal values. The enduring resilience of Indian culture, its ability to adapt while maintaining its core principles, and its profound emphasis on family, community, and spirituality distinguish it from the cultures of other nations.

3. Explain clearly the differences between culture and civilization.
Ans. Culture consists of the beliefs, customs, traditions, and arts of a society, reflecting its identity and values. It includes language, art, religion, social norms, and more. Civilization, on the other hand, refers to the overall organization and development of a society, including its political structure, technology, infrastructure, and economic systems. While culture is the expression of societal life and values, civilization represents the broader framework within which culture thrives. In essence, culture is the essence of a society, while civilization provides the structure and conditions for cultural development.

4. What is the capacity of readjustment exhibited in Indian society? Is it the strength or weakness of Indian society?
Ans. The capacity of readjustment exhibited in Indian society is its ability to adapt and accommodate changes over time while maintaining its underlying unity. This flexibility allows Indian culture to evolve and incorporate diverse influences without losing its essential identity. It reflects the strength of Indian society, enabling it to withstand challenges and thrive amidst cultural diversity. While some may perceive it as a weakness due to occasional conflicts or tensions, overall, this adaptability is a testament to the resilience and vitality of Indian culture, contributing to its endurance and continuity across centuries.

5. Discuss the main ideas contained in the text.
Ans. Indian society has always exhibited the capacity of readjustment which is why it is still relevant in today’s day. it has been able to change and adjust a few of its customs and traditions. It can be said that Indian civilization and culture have grown and changed then what it was before. I believe the underlying unity is this strength of Indian society. It is one of the greatest qualities that help Indian culture preserve its essence. The main concept of this text happens to be the unity in Indian culture and the readjustment capabilities of the culture. even though there have been many different invasions on India itself. As an effect of this invasion the invaders’ culture they’re infused into Indian society. As a result, Indian culture happens to be an amalgamation of different other cultures and civilizations. We know that in countries like China old cultures have been growing but not all of them have been able to adapt with modern day.however Indian culture has been able to do so due to it’s adjustability and continue ability

 

D. Word Study

D.1. Correct the spelling of the following words:
Infuson, atitude, fervant, ecception, consept, voilent, lenght, teksture, socity
Ans.
1. Infusion
2. Attitude
3. Fervent
4. Exception
5. Concept
6. Violent
7. Length
8. Texture
9. Society

D.2. Mark the following words from the lesson:
tolerate – toleration
civilize – civilization
infuse – infusion
organize – organization

Now, make ten words using the suffix – ‘ion’
Ans.
1. Action
2. Commutation
3. Commission
4. Fixation
5. Hesitation
6. Impulsion
7. Injunction
8. Injection
9. Insertion
10. Notion

 

D.3. Find out from the lesson words the meaning of which have been given on the left-hand side. The last part of each word is given on the right-hand side: 

1

uncivilized

……………………..rian

2

large kettle

……………………dron

3

structure

……………………ture

4

twisted treads making fabric

……………..……..ands

5

blossoming of flowers

…………………..ences

6

tribe that keep moving from one place to another

……….……….….rdes

Ans. 

1.barbarian

2. cauldron

3. texture

4. strands

5. efflorescence

6. hordes

Ex.2. Fill in the blanks with the words given below: 

amazing, civilization, remarkable, efflorescence, blend

The pre-Aryans built up a new ……………..

We find …………….. unity of spirit in Indian culture.

The vitality of Indian culture is equally ……………………

Indian social custom is a ………….. of many different strains and elements.

Culture is the …………….. of civilization.

Ans. 

Civilisation

Followed

Remarkable

Amazing

Blend

efflorescence

D.4. Phrases

Read the lesson carefully and find out the sentences in which the following phrases have been used:

a blend of, on the other hand, in fact, at times, in spite of , on the contrary

Ans. 

1. A blend of: “Today, whatever is Indian, whether it be an idea, a word, a form of art, a political institution, or a social custom, is a blend of many different strains and elements.”

2. On the other hand: “The experience of European countries gives us cases of civilization without culture. In India, on the other hand, even the casual tourist has observed…”

3. In fact: “In fact, it is this underlying unity which is one of the most remarkable features of Indian culture.”

4. At times: “It is often otherwise in Europe. There the difference in quality between the masses and the classes is at times so great…”

5. In spite of: “In spite of a thousand vicissitudes, it has survived to the modern day.”

6. On the contrary: “Here, there have been no violent or sudden breaks, but on the contrary, a steady growth and extension of culture which has gradually permeated every class and section of society.”

E. Grammar

Active and Passive voice

Ex.1. Now Change the following sentences into Passive Voice: 

1. People loved Gandhiji.

2. Police caught the thief red-handed.

3. Thieves took away all the money.

4. Someone stole my watch.

5. People believe that the earth is round.

Ans. 

1. Gandhiji was loved by people.

2. The thief was caught red-handed by the police.

3. All the money was taken away by thieves.

4. My watch was stolen by someone.

5. It is believed by people that the earth is round.

Sentences with two objects

Ex.2.1 Now Change these sentences in Active Voice into Passive Voice: 

1. She teaches me English.

2. He gave me a book.

3. Mohan asked me several questions.

4. They offered me a good job.

5. I taught him Sanskrit.

Ans. 

1. English is taught to me by her.

2. A book was given to me by him.

3. Several questions were asked to me by Mohan.

4. A good job was offered to me by them.

5. Sanskrit was taught to him by me.

Ex. 3 Change into Passive: 

1. My teacher has to teach me.

2. Robin had to buy a car.

3. Vinayak was to close the door.

4. My father is to plant the tree.

5. People have to save the forest.

6. We have to help the blind

7. Kamal Kishor is to sing a song.

Ans.

1. I have to be taught by my teacher.

2. A car had to be bought by Robin.

3. The door was to be closed by Vinayak.

4. The tree is to be planted by my father.

5. The forest has to be saved by people.

6. The blind have to be helped by us.

7. A song is to be sung by Kamal Kishor.

Ex.4 Change into Passive Voice: 

1. Who helps the blind?

2. Is he writing a story?

3. Why do you want to do it?

4. Did Rekha buy a car?

5. Close the door.

6. Solve the problem, please.

7. Post the Letter.

Ans. 

1. By whom are the blind helped?

2. Is a story being written by him?

3. Why is it wanted to be done by you?

4. Was a car bought by Rekha?

5. Let the door be closed.

6. Please, let the problem be solved.

7. Let the letter be posted.

G. TRANSLATION

Translate the following passage from the lesson into Hindi: 

Culture is the efflorescence of civilization. Civilisation is the organization of society which creates the condition of culture. There can, therefore, be no culture without civilization, but there may be civilisation which have not yet developed their culture. Perhaps what is more often the case is that there are civilized people among whom only a small section has achieved culture. We have, therefore, had and still have races and nations that are civilized; but except for India, we have not yet had any nation or race that could be regarded as cultured in all its sections and classes, for here in India, culture is almost as extensive as civilization.

Ans. 

संस्कृति सभ्यता का पुष्प है। सभ्यता समाज का संगठन है जो संस्कृति की स्थिति का निर्माण करती है। इसलिए, सभ्यता के बिना कोई संस्कृति नहीं हो सकती, लेकिन ऐसी सभ्यताएँ भी हो सकती हैं जिन्होंने अभी तक अपनी संस्कृति विकसित नहीं की है। शायद अधिक बार मामला यह है कि सभ्य लोग हैं जिनके बीच केवल एक छोटा सा वर्ग ही संस्कृति हासिल कर पाया है। इसलिए, हमारे पास ऐसी नस्लें और राष्ट्र हैं और अब भी हैं जो सभ्य हैं; लेकिन भारत को छोड़कर, हमारे पास अभी तक कोई भी राष्ट्र या जाति नहीं है जिसे उसके सभी वर्गों और वर्गों में सुसंस्कृत माना जा सके, क्योंकि यहां भारत में संस्कृति लगभग सभ्यता जितनी ही व्यापक है।

 

 

Bihar Board Class 10 English Chapter 7  The Unity Of Indian Culture Extra Question and Answers 

Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)

1. Who is the writer of ‘Unity of Indian Culture’?

(A) Leo Tolstoy

(B) Humayun Kabir

(C) Satyajit Ray

(D) None of these

2. Who has delivered the speech “The Unity of Indian Culture’?

(A) Humayun Kabir

(B) Dr. Trinath Mishra

(C) Mahadevi Verma

(D) Leo Tolstoy

3. It’s _____ that specially distinguishes the culture of India as per ‘The Unity of Indian Culture’.

(A) Variety of religions

(B) Unity of people

(C) Unbroken continuity

(D) Cultural Variety

4. What is one of the most remarkable features of Indian culture, according to Humayun Kabir?

(A) Underlying Unity

(B) Lots of festivals

(C) Diversity of people

(D) So many religions

5. “The Unity of Indian Culture’, was a lecture delivered by Humayun Kabir at _____

(A) Bangalore University

(B) Baroda University

(C) Delhi University

(D) Bombay University

6. Modern research has proved that there were invaders even before the ____ poured into this land.

(A) Aryans

(B) Americans

(C) Japanese

(D) Mughals

7. Underlying Unity is the most remarkable feature of ____

(A) American Culture

(B) Indian Culture

(C) Greek Culture

(D) Chinese Culture

8. _____ has been the guiding principle of the Indians in all spheres of life according to the essay “The Unity of Indian Culture”.

(A) ‘Live and Let Live’

(B) ‘Work is worship

(C) Health is wealth’

(D) None of these

9. ‘The Unity of Indian Culture’ is an adapted version of Humayun Kabir’s lecture delivered in _____

(A) Delhi University

(B) Baroda University

(C) V.K.S. University

(D) None of these

10. According to the writer of ‘The Unity of Indian Culture’ the ____ were regarded as the earliest invaders of the land.

(A) Aryans

(B) Sakas

(C) Greeks

(D) British

Ans.

1. (B) Humayun Kabir

2. (A) Humayun Kabir

3. (C) Unbroken continuity

4. (A) Underlying Unity

5. (B) Baroda University

6. (A) Aryans

7. (B) Indian Culture

8. (A) ‘Live and Let Live’

9. (B) Baroda University

10.(A) Aryans

 

 

Extract-Based Questions

A. “Till recently, the Aryans were regarded as the earliest invaders of the land. It was thought that they came to a country which was uncivilized and barbarian, but modern research has proved that there were invaders even before the Aryans poured into this land. They had evolved a civilization higher than that of the Aryan hordes who came in their wake. These Pre-Aryans had displaced still earlier people and built up a new civilization which has astonished modern scholars by its extent and depth. The Aryan invasion repeated the process and led to fresh infusion of the old with the new. This continued with the successive inroads of fighting races who came to conquer but remained to lose themselves in the Indian racial cauldron. The Greek invaders were followed by Sakas and Huns and a hundred other nameless tribes. They all appeared on the scene as victors but were soon absorbed in the ranks of the vanquished.”

Q1. What historical belief about the Aryans has modern research disproved?

Ans. The belief that Aryans were the earliest invaders of the land.

Q2. What is astonishing about the Pre-Aryans according to modern scholars?

Ans. Their extent and depth of civilization.

Q3. How does the extract describe the impact of the Aryan invasion on the existing civilization?

Ans. It led to a fresh infusion of the old with the new.

Q4. What happened to the invaders who came after the Aryans?

Ans. They were absorbed into the ranks of the vanquished.

Q5. Name one group of invaders mentioned in the extract who followed the Greek invaders.

Ans. Sakas and Huns mentioned in the text who followed the Greek invaders

B. “In spite of this derivation from any sources and the consequent variety of forms and types, we find a remarkable unity of spirit informing Indian culture throughout the ages. In fact, it is this underlying unity which is one of the most remarkable features of Indian culture. In volume and duration, no civilization (with the possible exception of the Chinese) can bear comparison with the civilization of India. The area of the land, the number of the people, the variety of the races, and the length of India’s history are hardly repeated elsewhere.”

Q1. What aspect of Indian culture is remarkable despite its derivation from various sources?

Ans.  The remarkable unity of spirit of Indian culture is remarkable despite its derivation from various sources.

Q2. According to the text, what is one of the most remarkable features of Indian culture?

Ans. The underlying unity  is one of the most remarkable features of Indian culture.

Q3. How does the civilization of India compare to other civilizations in terms of volume and duration?

Ans. The civilization of India compared to other civilizations in terms of volume and duration surpasses them.

Q4. What factors contribute to the uniqueness of Indian civilization?

Ans. The area of the land, the number of people, the variety of races, and the length of India’s history contribute to the uniqueness of Indian civilization.

Q5. Besides India, which civilization does the text mention as possibly comparable in terms of volume and duration?

Ans. The Chinese civilization.

C. “The vitality of Indian culture is equally amazing. In spite of a thousand vicissitudes, it has survived to the modern day. This has been possible only on account of a sense of Indianness which imposed unity on all diversity and wove into one fabric of national life the many strands of different texture, color, and quality which have entered here. The ancient world threw up fine flowers of civilization in many lands. With the exception of India and China, they are all dead and gone.”

Q1. How does the extract describe the vitality of Indian culture?

Ans. It is described as equally amazing and enduring.

Q2. What has allowed Indian culture to survive despite challenges?

Ans.  A sense of Indianness that imposed unity on all diversity has allowed Indian culture to survive despite challenges.

Q3. Which civilizations are mentioned as examples of those that have vanished?

Ans. Those of the ancient world, except for India and China.

Q4. How does Indian culture differ from those of other lands according to the text?

Ans. It has endured while others have vanished.

Q5. What metaphor does the text use to describe the integration of diverse elements into Indian culture?

Ans.  It describes it as weaving many strands into one fabric of national life to describe the integration of diverse elements into Indian culture.

D. “Unity and universality must belong to any culture that is true and vital. Now culture is a concept which cannot be simply or unitarily defined. There is no single character or mark which can be regarded as the essence or distinctive feature of culture. It is always a complex of many strands of varying importance and vitality.”

Q1. What qualities must belong to any true and vital culture according to the extract?

Ans.  Unity and universality must belong to any true and vital culture.

Q2. How does the text describe the concept of culture?

Ans.  It is described as complex and cannot be simply defined.

Q3. Why is there no single characteristic that defines culture?

Ans. Culture is a complex of many strands of varying importance and vitality and thus there no single characteristic that defines culture

Q4. What does the extract suggest about the essence of culture?

Ans. The extract suggests about the essence of culture that it cannot be reduced to a single characteristic.

Q5. How does the extract characterize the concept of culture?

Ans.  It is described as complex and multifaceted.

E. “The experience of European countries gives us cases of civilization without culture. In India, on the other hand, even the casual tourist has observed that the difference between the masses and classes is not one of quality and can be explained in terms of information and opportunity. It is often otherwise in Europe.The remarkable phenomenon can be explained only in terms of the unity and continuity of Indian culture. Unity is, in one sense, the common characteristic of all cultures. What especially distinguishes the culture of India is its unbroken continuity.”

 

Q1. What do European countries provide examples of according to the text?

Ans.  European countries provide examples of cases of civilization without culture.

 

Q2. How does Indian society differ from European society in terms of quality?

Ans.  The difference between the masses and classes in India is not one of quality as opposed to European society.

 

Q3. What observation can even a casual tourist make about Indian society?

Ans. An observation can even a casual tourist make about Indian society is that the difference between the masses and classes is not one of quality.

 

Q4. How does the extract contrast Indian society with European society?

Ans. The extract suggests that Indian society maintains a more equitable distribution of quality.

 

Q5. What does the extract suggest about the unity and continuity of Indian culture?

Ans.  The extract suggests that unity and continuity are evident even to casual observers in India.

 

 

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