Get the simplified Class 6 Maths NCERT Solutions of Ganita Prakash Chapter 7 Fractions textbook exercise questions with complete explanation.

## Ganita Prakash Class 6 Maths Chapter 7 Solutions Fractions

**NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Maths Ganita Prakash Chapter 7 Fractions**

**7.1 Fractional Units and Equal Shares Figure it Out (Page No. 152 – 153)**

Fill in the blanks with fractions.

Question 1.

Three guavas together weigh 1 kg. If they are roughly of the same size, each guava will roughly weigh ______kg.

Solution:

Given, weigh of 3 guavas = 1 kg,

then weigh of each of the guava = \(\frac{\text { total weight }}{3}=\frac{1}{3}\)kg

Question 2.

A wholesale merchant packed 1 kg of rice in four packets of equal weight. The weight of each packet is __kg.

Solution:

Here, 1 kg of rise is packed in 4 packets of equal weight, then weight of each packet

= \(\frac{\text { Total weight }}{\text { No. of packets }}=\frac{1}{4}\)

Question 3.

Four friends ordered 3 glasses of sugarcane juice and shared it equally among themselves. Each one drank ____ glass of sugarcane juice.

Solution:

Amount of sugarcane consumed by four friends = 3 glasses .

Amount of sugarcane consumed by each friend = \(\frac{3}{4}\)glass

Hence, each one drank \(\frac{3}{4}\)glass of sugarcane juice.

Question 4.

The bis fish weighs \(\frac{1}{2}\) kg. The small one weighs \(\frac{1}{4}\) kg. Together they weigh ____ kg.

Solution:

Given the weighs of big fish = \(\frac{1}{2}\)kg and the weighs of small fish = \(\frac{1}{4}\)kg

Total weight of both fish = \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{4}=\frac{2+1}{4}\) kg

= \(\frac{3}{4}\) kg

Question 5.

Arrange these fraction words in order of size from the smallest to the biggest in the empty box below: One and a half, three quarters, one and a quarter, half, quarter, two and a half.

Solution:

Now, arranging the fraction words in order of size from the smallest to the biggest parts Quarter < Half < Three Quarters < One and a quarter < One and a half < Two and a half.

**7.2 Fractional Units as Parts of a Whole Figure it Out (Page No. 155)**

Question 1.

The figures below show different fractional units of a whole chikki. How much of a whole chikki is each piece? (See figure NCERT Textbook page 155)

Solution:

(a) We get this piece by breaking the chikki into 12 equal parts. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{2}\)

(b) We get this piece by breaking the chikki into 4 equal parts. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{4}\)

(c) We get this piece by breaking the chikki into 8 equal parts. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{8}\)

(d) We get this piece by breaking the chikki into 6 equal parts. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{6}\)

(e) We get this piece by breaking the chikki into 8 equal parts. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{8}\)

(f) We get this part by breaking the chikki into 6 equal pieces. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{6}\)

(g) We get this part by breaking the chikki into 24 equal pieces. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{24}\)

(h) We get this part by breaking the chikki into 24 equal pieces. Hence it is \(\frac{1}{24}\)

**7.3 Measuring Using Fractional Units Figure it Out (Page No. 158)**

Question 1.

Continue this table of \(\frac{1}{2}\) for 2 more steps.

Solution:

Here

represents a full roti (whole)

Step 1.

= \(\frac{1}{2}\) = 1 times half

Step 2.

= \(\frac{1}{2}\) + \(\frac{1}{2}\) = 2 times half

Step 3.

= \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\) = 3 times half

Step 4.

= \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\) = 4 times half

Step 5.

= \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\) = 5 times half

Step 6.

= \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\) = 6 times half

= 6 × \(\frac{1}{2}=\frac{6}{2}\) = 3

Step 7.

= \(\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\) = 7 times half

= 7 × \(\frac{1}{2}=\frac{7}{2}\)

Question 2.

Can you create a similar table for \(\frac{1}{4}\)?

Solution:

Yes, we can create a similar table for \(\frac{1}{4}\). Here

represents a full roti (whole).

Question 3.

Make \(\frac{1}{3}\) using a paper strip. Can you use this to also make \(\frac{1}{6}\)?

Solution:

Yes, we can use this \(\frac{1}{3}\) to make \(\frac{1}{6}\).

When we divide each part of this \(\frac{1}{3}\) it is equal to Half of \(\frac{1}{3}=\frac{1}{3} \times \frac{1}{2}=\frac{1}{6}\)

Question 4.

Draw a picture and write an addition statement as above to show:

(a) 5 times of a roti

(b) 9 times of a roti

Solution:

Represents a full roti (whole)

(a)

5 times \(\frac{1}{4}\) of a roti

= \(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}=\frac{5}{4}\)

1 full and \(\frac{1}{4}\) roti

(b)

9 times \(\frac{1}{4}\) of a roti

= \(\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{4}=\frac{9}{4}\)

2 full and \(\frac{1}{4}\) of roti

Question 5.

Match each fractional unit with the correct picture:

Solution:

**7.4 Marking Fraction Lengths on the Number Line Figure it Out (Page No. 160)**

Question 1.

On a number line, draw lines of lengths \(\frac{1}{10}, \frac{3}{10}\) and \(\frac{4}{5}\).

Solution:

Step 1. Draw a line l. Mark a point O on it.

Step 2. Mark point A at a distance of 1 unit from O.

Step 3. Divide OA into 10 equal parts.

Here OP represents \(\frac{1}{10}\), OQ represents \(\frac{3}{10}\), and OR represents \(\frac{8}{10}=\frac{4}{5}\)

Question 2.

Write five more fractions of your choice and mark them on the number line.

Solution:

Step 1. Let a number line OJ is divided into 10 equal parts.

Step 2. Now mark points A, B, C, D,…., J on it.

Step 3. Here

OF represents \(\frac{6}{10}=\frac{3}{5}\)

OG represents \(\frac{7}{10}\)

OB represents \(\frac{2}{10}=\frac{1}{5}\)

OH represents \(\frac{8}{10}=\frac{4}{5}\)

OI represents \(\frac{9}{10}\)

Question 3.

How many fractions lie between 0 and 1? Think, discuss with your classmates, and write your answer.

Solution:

There are an infinite number of fractions between 0 and 1.

Example: \(\frac{3}{5}, \frac{4}{5}, \frac{7}{10} \frac{1}{2}\) etc.

Question 4.

What is the length of the pink line and black line shown below? The distance between 0 and 1 is 1 unit long, and it is divided into two equal parts. The length of each part is \(\frac{1}{2}\). So the pink line is y units long. Write the fraction that gives the length of the black line in the box.

Solution:

Length of black line is \(\frac{1}{2}\);

Length of black line is \(\frac{1}{2}\) + \(\frac{1}{2}\) + \(\frac{1}{2}\)

Fraction that gives length of black line = \(\frac{3}{2}\)

Question 5.

Write the fraction that gives the lengths of the black lines in the respective boxes.

Solution:

Intext Questions

Question 1.

Here, the fractional unit is dividing a length of 1 unit into three equal parts. Write the fraction that gives the length of the pink line in the box or in your notebook. (Page 159)

Solution:

Here number line OR is divided into three equal parts OP, PQ and QR.

Hence length of pink line = OP + PQ = \(\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3}=\frac{2}{3}\)

Question 2.

Here, a unit is divided into 5 equal parts. Write the fraction that gives the length of the pink lines in the respective boxes or in your notebook.

Solution:

Here number line OT = 1 unit is divided into five equal parts OP, PQ, QR, RS and ST.

Hence length of pink line OQ = OP + PQ = \(\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{5}=\frac{2}{5}\)

Now, length of pink line OS = OP + PQ + QR + RS = \(\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{5}=\frac{4}{5}\)

Hence, OQ = \(\frac{2}{5}\) OS = \(\frac{4}{5}\)

Question 3.

Now, a unit is divided into 8 equal parts. Write the appropriate fractions in your notebook Solution:Here number line OH is divided into 8 equal parts OA, AB, BC, CD, DE, EF, FG and GH.

Solution:

Also, OA = \(\frac{1}{8}\), OB = \(\frac{2}{8}\), OC = \(\frac{3}{8}\), OH = \(\frac{8}{8}\) = 1

**7.5 Mixed Fractions Figure it Out (Page No. 162)**

Question 1.

How many whole units are there in \(\frac{7}{2}\)?

Solution:

Here \(\frac{7}{2}\) = 7 times \(\frac{1}{2}\)

= 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{1}{2}\)

= 3 + \(\frac{1}{2}\)

= 3\(\frac{1}{2}\)

Hence 3 whole units are there in \(\frac{7}{2}\).

Question 2.

How many whole units are there in \(\frac{4}{3}\) and in \(\frac{7}{3}\)?

Solution:

Here \(\frac{4}{3}\) = 4 times \(\frac{1}{3}\) = \(\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{3}\)

= \(\frac{1+1+1}{3}\) + \(\frac{1}{3}\)

= 1 + \(\frac{1}{3}\) = 1\(\frac{1}{3}\)

Hence 1 whole unit are there in \(\frac{4}{3}\) and \(\frac{7}{3}\) = 7 times \(\frac{1}{3}\)

Hence 2 whole units are therein \(\frac{7}{3}\).

**7.5 Mixed Fractions Figure it Out (Page No. 162)**

Question 1.

Figure out the number of whole units in each of the following fractions:

(a) \(\frac{8}{3}\)

(b) \(\frac{11}{5}\)

(c) \(\frac{9}{4}\)

We saw that

Fraction ← \(\frac{7}{3}\) = 2 + \(\frac{1}{3}\) → Mixed number

[This number is thus also called ‘two and one third’. We also write it as 2\(\frac{1}{3}\).]

Solution:

(a) \(\frac{8}{3}\)

Numerator 8 is split/divided into as many 3’s i.e. denominator no.: 8 = 3 + 3 + 2

= 1 + 1 + \(\frac{2}{3}\) = 2 \(\frac{2}{3}\)

∴ No. of whole units in \(\frac{8}{3}\) = 2 whole units.

(b) \(\frac{11}{5}=\frac{5}{5}+\frac{5}{5}+\frac{1}{5}\) [Numerator 11 = 5 + 5 + 1]

= 1 + 1 + \(\frac{1}{5}\)

= 2\(\frac{1}{5}\)

(c) \(\frac{9}{4}=\frac{4}{4}+\frac{4}{4}+\frac{1}{4}\)

= 1 + \(\frac{1}{4}\) [Numerator 9 = 4 + 4 + 1]

= 2\(\frac{1}{4}\)

∴ No. of whole units in \(\frac{9}{4}\) = 2 whole units.

Question 2.

Can all fractions greater than 1 be written as such mixed numbers?

A mixed number /mixedfraction contains a whole number (called the whole part) and a fraction that is less than 1 (called the fractional part).

Solution:

Yes, all fractions greater than 1 can be written as mixed fractions/numbers.

Question 3.

Write the following fractions as mixed fractions (e.g., \(\frac{9}{2}\) = 4\(\frac{1}{2}\))

(a) \(\frac{9}{2}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{9}{2}=\frac{2}{2}+\frac{2}{2}+\frac{2}{2}+\frac{2}{2}+\frac{1}{2}\)

= 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{1}{2}\)

= 4\(\frac{1}{2}\)

(b) \(\frac{9}{5}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{9}{5}=\frac{5}{5}+\frac{4}{5}\)

= 1 + \(\frac{4}{5}\)

= 1\(\frac{4}{5}\)

(c) \(\frac{21}{19}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{21}{19}=\frac{19}{19}+\frac{2}{19}\)

= 1 + \(\frac{2}{19}\)

= 1\(\frac{2}{19}\)

(d) \(\frac{47}{9}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{47}{9}=\frac{9}{9}+\frac{9}{9}+\frac{9}{9}+\frac{9}{9}+\frac{9}{9}+\frac{2}{9}\)

= 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{2}{9}\)

= 5 + \(\frac{2}{9}\)

= 5\(\frac{2}{9}\)

(e) \(\frac{12}{11}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{\mathbf{1 2}}{\mathbf{1 2}}=\frac{11}{11}+\frac{1}{11}\)

= 1 + \(\frac{1}{11}\)

= 1\(\frac{1}{11}\)

(f) \(\frac{19}{6}\)

Solution:

\(\frac{19}{6}=\frac{6}{6}+\frac{6}{6}+\frac{6}{6}+\frac{1}{6}\)

= 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{1}{6}\)

= 3 + \(\frac{1}{6}\)

= 3 \(\frac{1}{6}\)

**7.5 Mixed Fractions Figure it Out (Page No. 163)**

Question 1.

Write the following mixed numbers as fractions:

(a) 3\(\frac{1}{4}\)

Solution:

Here 3\(\frac{1}{4}\) = 3 + \(\frac{1}{4}\)

[Splitting 3\(\frac{1}{4}\) into 3 and \(\frac{1}{4}\)]

= 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{1}{4}\)

= \(\frac{4}{4}+\frac{4}{4}+\frac{4}{4}+\frac{1}{4}=\frac{13}{4}\)

(b) 7\(\frac{2}{3}\)

Solution:

Here 7\(\frac{2}{3}\) = 7 + \(\frac{2}{3}\)

[Splitting 7\(\frac{2}{3}\) into 7 and \(\frac{2}{3}\)]

= 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + \(\frac{2}{3}\)

= \(\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{3}{3}+\frac{2}{3}\)

= \(\frac{23}{3}\)

(c) 9\(\frac{4}{9}\)

Solution:

Here 9 \(\frac{4}{9}\) = 9 + \(\frac{4}{9}\)

[Splitting 9\(\frac{4}{9}\) into 9 and \(\frac{4}{9}\)]

= 9 times \(\frac{9}{9}+\frac{4}{9}\)

= \(\frac{81}{9}+\frac{4}{9}=\frac{85}{9}\)

(d) 3\(\frac{1}{6}\)

Solution:

Here 3\(\frac{1}{6}\) = 3 + \(\frac{1}{6}\)

[Splitting 3\(\frac{1}{6}\) into 3 and \(\frac{1}{6}\)]

= 3 times \(\frac{6}{6}\) + \(\frac{1}{6}\)

= \(\frac{18}{6}+\frac{1}{6}\)

= \(\frac{19}{6}\)

(e) 2\(\frac{3}{11}\)

Solution:

We have 2\(\frac{3}{11}\) = 2 + \(\frac{3}{11}\)

[Splitting 2\(\frac{3}{11}\) into 2 and \(\frac{3}{11}\)]

= 2 times \(\frac{11}{11}+\frac{3}{11}\)

= \(\frac{22}{11}+\frac{3}{11}\)

= \(\frac{25}{11}\)

(f) 3\(\frac{9}{10}\)

Solution:

3\(\frac{9}{10}\) = 3 + \(\frac{9}{10}\)

[Splitting 3\(\frac{9}{10}\) into 3 and \(\frac{9}{10}\)]

= 3 times \(\frac{10}{10}+\frac{9}{10}\)

= \(\frac{30}{10}+\frac{9}{10}=\frac{39}{10}\)

**7.6 Equivalent Fractions Figure it Out 7.7 Simplest form of a Fraction Figure it Out (Page No. 165)**

Question 1.

Are \(\frac{3}{6}, \frac{4}{8}, \frac{5}{10}\) equivalent fractions? Why?

Solution:

Here, simplest form of \(\frac{3}{6}=\frac{3 \div 3}{6 \div 3}=\frac{1}{2}\) [HCF of 3 and 6 is 3]

and simplest form of \(\frac{4}{8}\) is \(\frac{4 \div 4}{8 \div 4}=\frac{1}{2}\) [HCF of 4 and 8 is 4]

and simplest form of \(\frac{5}{10}\) is \(\frac{5 \div 5}{10 \div 5}=\frac{1}{2}\) [HCF of 5 and 10 is 5]

Hence, \(\frac{3}{6}, \frac{4}{8}, \frac{5}{10}\) are equivalent fractions.

Question 2.

Write two equivalent fractions for \(\frac{2}{6}\).

Solution:

Here \(\frac{2}{6}\) → \(\frac{2 \times 2}{6 \times 2}, \frac{2 \times 3}{6 \times 3}, \frac{2 \times 4}{6 \times 4}\)

Hence \(\frac{4}{12}, \frac{6}{18}, \frac{8}{24}\) are equivalent fractions of \(\frac{2}{6}\).

Question 3.

\(\frac{4}{6}\) = ___________ = ___________ = ___________ = ___________________

(Write as many as you can)

Solution:

Here,

Intext Questions

Answer the following questions after looking at the fraction wall: [Page 164]

Question 1.

Are the lengths \(\frac{1}{2}\) and \(\frac{3}{6}\) equal?

Solution:

Yes, here lengths \(\frac{1}{2}\) and \(\frac{3}{6}\) = \(\frac{1}{2}\)

Lengths are equal.

Question 2.

Are \(\frac{2}{3}\) and \(\frac{4}{6}\) equivalent fractions? Why?

Solution:

Yes, lengths \(\frac{2}{3}\) and \(\frac{4}{6}\) = \(\frac{1}{3}\) are equivalent fraction, as they have same length.

Question 3.

How many pieces of length \(\frac{1}{6}\) will make a length of \(\frac{1}{2}\)?

Solution:

Total no.of pieces = \(\frac{\frac{1}{2}}{\frac{1}{6}}=\frac{1}{2} \times \frac{6}{1}=\frac{6}{2}\) = 3

Hence three pieces of length \(\frac{1}{6}\) will make a length of \(\frac{1}{2}\)

Question 4.

How many pieces of length \(\frac{1}{6}\) will make a length of \(\frac{1}{3}\)?

Solution:

Total no. of pieces = \(\frac{\frac{1}{3}}{\frac{1}{6}}=\frac{1}{3} \times \frac{6}{1}=\frac{6}{3}\) = 2

Hence two pieces of length \(\frac{1}{6}\) will make a length of \(\frac{1}{3}\).

**7.7 Simplest form of a Fraction Figure it Out (Page No. 166)**

Question 1.

Three rods are shared equally by four children. Show the division in the picture and write a fraction for how much each child gets. Also, write the corresponding division facts, addition facts and multiplication facts.

Fraction of roti each child gets is _________________ .

Division fact:

Addition fact:

Multiplication fact:

Compare your picture and answers with your classmates!

Solution:

Division fact:

3 wholes divided in 4 parts

3 ÷ 4 = \(\frac{3}{4}\)

Addition fact:

Four times \(\frac{3}{4}\) added gives 3 wholes

= \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{3}{4}+\frac{3}{4}+\frac{3}{4}\)

= \(\frac{12}{4}\) = 3

Multiplication fact:

4 parts of \(\frac{3}{4}\) make 3 wholes

4 × \(\frac{3}{4}\) = 3

Question 2.

Draw a picture to show how much each child gets when 2 rotis are shared equally by 4 children. Also, write the corresponding division facts, addition facts, and multiplication facts.

Solution:

As 2 rotis have to be shared equally by 4 children we divide each roti in 4 parts and give

(a) 1 part of each roti to each child as shown below:

(b) 2 parts to each child as shown below

Division fact:

2 wholes divide in 4 parts

2 ÷4 or \(\frac{2}{4}=\frac{1}{2}\)

Addition fact:

\(\frac{2}{4}+\frac{2}{4}+\frac{2}{4}+\frac{2}{4}=\frac{8}{4}\) = 2

Multiplication fact:

4 × \(\frac{2}{4}\) = 2

Question 3.

Anil was in a group where 2 cakes were divided equally among 5 children. How much cake would Anil get?

Solution:

Anil is in a group where 2 cakes were divided equally among 5 children.

Each cake gets divided into 5 parts and Anil gets one part from each cake i.e. \(\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{5}=\frac{2}{5}\)

**7.7 Simplest form of a Fraction Figure it Out (Page No. 168 – 169)**

Question 1.

Find the missing numbers:

(a) 5 glasses of juice shared equally among 4 friends is the same as ____________ glasses of juice shared equally among 8 friends. So, \(\frac{5}{4}\) = \(\frac{?}{8}\).

(b) 4 kg of potatoes divided equally in 3 bags is the same as 12 kgs of potatoes divided equally in ____________ bags. So, \(\frac{4}{3}\) = \(\frac{12}{?}\).

(c) 7 rods divided among 5 children is the same as rods divided among children. So, \(\frac{7}{5}\) = ____________

Solution:

(a) Here, the amount of juice each friend gets when 5 glasses are shared among 4 friends = \(\frac{\text { number of glasses }}{\text { number of friends }}=\frac{5}{4}\)

Now to determine how many glasses of juice would be needed to give each of the 8 friends the same amount = 8 × \(\frac{5}{4}\)

= 10 glasses

So, 10 glasses of juice shared equally among 8 friends is the same as 5 glasses of juice shared equally among 4 friends.

∴ \(\frac{5}{4}=\frac{10}{8}\)

(b) Here 4 kg of potatoes divided equally in 3 bags then amount of potatoes per bag = \(\frac{4 \mathrm{~kg}}{3 \text { bags }}=\frac{4}{3}\) kg per bag

Let x is the number of bags for 12 kg of potatoes, where each bag has the same amount of potatoes then

\(\frac{12 \mathrm{~kg}}{x \text { bags }}=\frac{4}{3}\) kg per bag

⇒ 12 × 3 = 4 × x

⇒ 36 = 4x

⇒ x = \(\frac{36}{4}\)

⇒ x = 9

∴ \(\frac{4}{3}=\frac{12}{9}\)

(c) Dividing 7 rotis among 4 children gives 7 each child = \(\frac{7}{5}\) of a roti. We can find an

equivalent fraction by multiplying both the numerator and the denominator by the same number. For example, multiplying both by 2.

\(\frac{7 \times 2}{5 \times 2}=\frac{14}{10}\)

So, 7 rotis divided among 5 children is the same as 14 rotis divided among 10 children

∴ \(\frac{7}{5}=\frac{14}{10}\)

Intext Questions

Question 1.

Find equivalent fractions for the given pairs of fractions such that the fractional units are the same. (Page 172)

(a) \(\frac{7}{2}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{7}{2}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\)

Here, the denominators are 2 and 5.

And least common multiple of 2 and 5 is 10.

Hence for both fractions let’s have same denominator of 10.

Now for \(\frac{7}{2}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 5.

\(\frac{7}{2}=\frac{7 \times 5}{2 \times 5}=\frac{35}{10}\)

And for \(\frac{3}{5}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 2, we get,

\(\frac{3 \times 2}{5 \times 2}=\frac{6}{10}\)

Hence, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{35}{10}\) and \(\frac{6}{10}\)

(b) \(\frac{8}{3}\) and \(\frac{5}{6}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{8}{3}\) and \(\frac{5}{6}\)

Here, the denominators are 3 and 6.

And least common multiple of 3 and 6 is 6.

Now for \(\frac{8}{3}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 2.

\(\frac{8}{3}=\frac{8 \times 2}{3 \times 2}=\frac{16}{6}\)

\(\frac{5}{6}\) already have a denominator 6.

Hence, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{16}{6}\) and \(\frac{5}{6}\)

(c) \(\frac{3}{4}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{3}{4}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\)

Here, the denominators are 4 and 5.

And least common multiple of 4 and 5 is 20.

Now for \(\frac{3}{4}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 5.

\(\frac{3}{4}=\frac{3 \times 5}{4 \times 5}=\frac{15}{20}\)

And for \(\frac{3}{5}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 4, we get

\(\frac{3}{5}=\frac{3 \times 4}{5 \times 4}=\frac{12}{20}\)

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{15}{20}\) and \(\frac{12}{20}\)

(d) \(\frac{6}{7}\) and \(\frac{8}{5}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{6}{7}\) and \(\frac{8}{5}\)

Here, the denominators are 7 and 5.

And least common multiple of 7 and 5 is 35.

Now for \(\frac{6}{7}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 5.

\(\frac{6}{7}=\frac{6 \times 5}{7 \times 5}=\frac{30}{35}\)

And for \(\frac{8}{5}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 7, we get

\(\frac{8}{5}=\frac{8 \times 7}{5 \times 7}=\frac{56}{35}\)

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{30}{35}\) and \(\frac{56}{35}\)

(e) \(\frac{9}{4}\) and \(\frac{5}{2}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{9}{4}\) and \(\frac{5}{2}\)

Here, the denominators are 4 and 2.

And least common multiple of 4 and 2 is 4.

Now for \(\frac{5}{2}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 2.

\(\frac{5}{2}=\frac{5 \times 2}{2 \times 2}=\frac{10}{4}\)

and \(\frac{9}{4}\) already have a denominator 4

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{9}{4}\) and \(\frac{10}{4}\)

(f) \(\frac{1}{10}\) and \(\frac{2}{9}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are and \(\frac{1}{10}\) and \(\frac{2}{9}\)

Here, the denominators are 10 and 9.

And least common multiple of 10 and 9 is 90.

Now for \(\frac{1}{10}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 9.

\(\frac{1}{10}=\frac{1 \times 9}{10 \times 9}=\frac{9}{90}\)

And for 2 multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 10, we get

\(\frac{2}{9}=\frac{2 \times 10}{9 \times 10}=\frac{20}{90}\)

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:’

\(\frac{9}{90}\) and \(\frac{20}{90}\)

(g) \(\frac{8}{3}\) and \(\frac{11}{4}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{8}{3}\) and \(\frac{11}{4}\)

Here, the denominators are 3 and 4.

And least common multiple of 3 and 4 is 12.

Now for \(\frac{8}{3}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 4.

\(\frac{8}{3}=\frac{8 \times 4}{3 \times 4}=\frac{32}{12}\)

And for \(\frac{11}{4}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 3, we get

\(\frac{11}{4}=\frac{11 \times 3}{4 \times 3}=\frac{33}{12}\)

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{32}{12}\) and \(\frac{33}{12}\)

(h) \(\frac{13}{6}\) and \(\frac{1}{9}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{13}{6}\) and \(\frac{1}{9}\)

Here, the denominators are 6 and 9.

And least common multiple of 6 and 9 is 18.

Now for \(\frac{13}{6}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 3.

\(\frac{13}{6}=\frac{13 \times 3}{6 \times 3}=\frac{39}{18}\)

And for \(\frac{1}{9}\) multiply both the numerator and the denominator by 2, we get

\(\frac{1}{9}=\frac{1 \times 2}{9 \times 2}=\frac{2}{18}\)

So, the equivalent fractions with the same denominator are:

\(\frac{39}{18}\) and \(\frac{2}{18}\)

**7.7 Simplest form of a Fraction Figure it Out (Page No. 173)**

Question 1.

Express the following fractions in lowest terms:

(a) \(\frac{17}{51}\)

Solution:

Here 51 is divisible by 17 then \(\frac{51}{17}\) = 3

∴ \(\frac{17}{51}=\frac{17}{17 \times 3}=\frac{1}{3}\)

which is the lowest term.

(b) \(\frac{64}{144}\)

Solution:

Here 64 and 144 are both multiples of 16. So we divide both by 16.

\(\frac{64}{144}=\frac{64 \div 16}{144 \div 16}\)

= \(\frac{4}{9}\)

(c) \(\frac{126}{147}\)

Solution:

Here, \(\frac{126}{147}\)

= \(\frac{126 \div 7}{147 \div 7}\)

[∵ HCF of 126 and 147 is 7 × 3 = 21]

= \(\frac{18 \div 3}{21 \div 3}\)

= \(\frac{6}{7}\)

(d) \(\frac{525}{112}\)

Solution:

Here 525 and 112 are both multiples of 7, we divide both by 7.

= \(\frac{525 \div 7}{112 \div 7}\)

= \(\frac{75}{16}\)

**7.8 Comparing Fractions Figure it Out (Page No. 174)**

Question 1.

Compare the following fractions and justify your answers:

(a) \(\frac{8}{3}, \frac{5}{2}\)

Solution:

(a) Given fractions are \(\frac{8}{3}\) and \(\frac{5}{2}\).

Here LCM of denominators 3 and 2 is 6

then multiplying and dividing \(\frac{8}{3}\) by 2 and \(\frac{5}{2}\) by 3 then

(b) \(\frac{4}{9}, \frac{3}{7}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{4}{9}\) and \(\frac{3}{7}\).

Here LCM of denominators 9 and 7 is 63.

then multiplying and dividing \(\frac{4}{9}\) by 7 and \(\frac{3}{7}\) by 9 then

(c) \(\frac{7}{10}, \frac{9}{14}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{7}{10}\) and \(\frac{9}{14}\).

Here LCM of denominators 10 and 14 is 70.

then multiplying and dividing \(\frac{7}{10}\) by 7 and \(\frac{9}{14}\) by 5 then

(d) \(\frac{12}{5}, \frac{8}{5}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{12}{5}, \frac{8}{5}\).

Here \(\frac{12}{5}\) > \(\frac{8}{5}\)

(e) \(\frac{9}{4}, \frac{5}{2}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{9}{4}, \frac{5}{2}\).

Here LCM of denominators 4 and 2 is 4.

then multiplying and dividing \(\frac{5}{2}\) by 2 and

Equivalent fractions with 4 are \(\frac{5 \times 2}{2 \times 2}\)

\(\frac{9}{4}>\frac{10}{4}\)

∴ \(\frac{9}{4}>\frac{5}{2}\)

Question 2.

Write following fractions ascending order.

(a) \(\frac{7}{10}, \frac{11}{15}, \frac{2}{5}\)

Solution:

The given fractions are \(\frac{7}{10}, \frac{11}{15}, \frac{2}{5}\)

Let us find LCM of denominator 10, 15, 5

∴ LCM of 10, 15 and 5 = 2 × 3 × 5 = 30

Now let us make denominator of each fractions as LCM

Hence given fractions in ascending order are: \(\frac{2}{5}, \frac{7}{10} \frac{11}{5}\)

(b) \(\frac{19}{24}, \frac{5}{6}, \frac{7}{12}\)

Solution:

The given fractions are \(\frac{19}{24}, \frac{5}{6}, \frac{7}{12}\)

Here LCM of 24, 6, 12 is 24.

On arranging in ascending Order, we get

\(\frac{14}{24}, \frac{19}{24}, \frac{20}{24}\)

⇒ \(\frac{7}{12}, \frac{19}{24}, \frac{5}{6}\)

Question 3.

Write the following fractions descending order.

(a) \(\frac{25}{16}, \frac{7}{8}, \frac{13}{4}, \frac{17}{32}\frac{3}{4}, \frac{12}{5}, \frac{7}{12}, \frac{5}{4}\)

Solution:

The given fractions are \(\frac{25}{16}, \frac{7}{8}, \frac{13}{4}, \frac{17}{32}\frac{3}{4}, \frac{12}{5}, \frac{7}{12}, \frac{5}{4}\)

Let us find LCM of denominator 16, 8,4, 32

LCM of 16, 8,4, 32 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 = 32

Now let us make denominator of each fractions as LCM thus

∴ \(\frac{25 \times 2}{16 \times 2}, \frac{7 \times 4}{8 \times 4}, \frac{13 \times 8}{4 \times 8}, \frac{17 \times 1}{32 \times 1}\)

\(\frac{50}{32}, \frac{28}{32}, \frac{104}{32}, \frac{17}{32}\)

On arranging in descending order, we get

\(\frac{104}{32}>\frac{50}{32}>\frac{28}{32}>\frac{17}{32}\)

∴ \(\frac{13}{4}>\frac{25}{16}>\frac{7}{8}>\frac{17}{32}\)

Hence given fractions in descending order are \(\frac{13}{4}, \frac{25}{16}, \frac{7}{8}\) and \(\frac{17}{32}\)

(b) \(\frac{3}{4}, \frac{12}{5}, \frac{7}{12}, \frac{5}{4}\)

Solution:

Given fractions are \(\frac{3}{4}, \frac{12}{5}, \frac{7}{12}, \frac{5}{4}\)

Here LCM of 4, 5, 12, 4 is 60

Now let us make denominator of each fraction as LCM then

Hence fractions in descending order are

\(\frac{12}{5}>\frac{5}{4}>\frac{3}{4}>\frac{7}{12}\)

**7.9 Relation to Number Sequences Figure it Out (Page No. 179)**

Question 1.

Add the following fractions using Brahmagupta’s method:

(a) \(\frac{2}{7}+\frac{5}{7}+\frac{6}{7}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{2}{7}+\frac{5}{7}+\frac{6}{7}\)

(b) \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}\)

Here LCM of denominators 4 and 3 is 12

∴ Equivalent fraction of \(\frac{3}{4}\) with denominators 12 is \(\frac{9}{12}\) and equivalent fraction of \(\frac{1}{3}\) with denominators 12 is \(\frac{4}{12}\)

(c) \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{5}{6}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{5}{6}\)

Now LCM of 3 and 6 is 6.

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 6, we get

(d) \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{2}{7}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{2}{7}\)

Now LCM of 3 and 7 is 21

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 21, we get

(e) \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}\)

Now LCM of 4, 3, 5 is 60.

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 60, we get

(f) \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{4}{5}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{4}{5}\)

Now LCM of 3 and 5 is 15

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 15, we get

(g) \(\frac{4}{5}+\frac{2}{3}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{4}{5}+\frac{2}{3}\)

Now LCM of 5 and 3 is 15

Thus expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 15, we get

(h) \(\frac{3}{3}+\frac{5}{8}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{3}{3}+\frac{5}{8}\)

Here LCM of 5 and 8 is 40

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 40, we get

(i) \(\frac{9}{2}+\frac{5}{4}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{9}{2}+\frac{5}{4}\)

Now LCM of 2 and 4 is 4.

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 4, we get

(j) \(\frac{8}{3}+\frac{2}{7}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{8}{3}+\frac{2}{7}\)

Here LCM of 3 and 7 is 21

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 21, we get

(k) \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{3}{4}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}\)

Now LCM of 4, 3, 5 is 60

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 60, we get

(l) \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{4}{5}+\frac{3}{7}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{2}{3}+\frac{4}{5}+\frac{3}{7}\)

Now LCM of 3, 5 and 7 is 105.

Expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 105, we get

(m) \(\frac{9}{2}+\frac{5}{4}+\frac{7}{6}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{9}{2}+\frac{5}{4}+\frac{7}{6}\)

Here LCM of 2, 4, 6 is 12.

Now expressing as equivalent fractions with denominators 12, we get

Question 2.

Rahim mixes \(\frac{2}{3}\) litres of yellow paint with \(\frac{3}{4}\) litres of blue paint to make green paint. What is the volume of green paint he has made?

Solution:

Given quantity of yellow paint = \(\frac{2}{3}\) litres

and quality of blue paint = \(\frac{3}{4}\) litres

Volume of green paint made

= \(\frac{2}{3}\) litres + \(\frac{3}{4}\) litres

Here LCM of 3 and 4 is 12

Now expressing as equivalent fractions with denominator 12, we get

Question 3.

Geeta bought \(\frac{2}{5}\) meter of lace and Shamim bought \(\frac{3}{4}\) meter of the same lace to put a complete border on a table cloth whose perimeter is 1 meter long. Find the total length of the lace they both have bought. Will the lace be sufficient to cover the whole border?

Solution:

Given length of lace bought by Geeta = \(\frac{2}{5}\) meter

and length of lace bought by Shamim = \(\frac{3}{4}\) meter

Total length of lace = \(\frac{2}{5}\) + \(\frac{3}{4}\)

LCM of 5 and 4 is 20

Now expressing as equivalent fractions with denominator 20, we get

Total lace required = Perimeter = 1 m

Hence total lace Geeta and Shamim have together is sufficient to cover the whole border.

**7.9 Relation to Number Sequences Figure it Out (Page No. 181)**

Question 1.

\(\frac{5}{8}-\frac{3}{8}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{5}{8}-\frac{3}{8}\)

As fractional unit is same i.e., \(\frac{1}{8}\) we shall simply subtract numerators keeping fractional unit as \(\frac{1}{8}\)

Then \(\frac{5}{8}-\frac{3}{8}=\frac{5-3}{8}\)

= \(\frac{2}{8}=\frac{1}{4}\) (representing in simplest form)

Question 2.

\(\frac{7}{9}-\frac{5}{9}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{7}{9}-\frac{5}{9}\)

As fractional unit is same i.e., \(\frac{1}{9}\) we shall simply subtract numerators keeping fractional unit as \(\frac{1}{9}\)

\(\frac{7}{9}-\frac{5}{9}\)

= \(\frac{7-5}{9}=\frac{2}{9}\)

Question 3.

\(\frac{10}{27}-\frac{1}{27}\frac{10}{27}-\frac{1}{27}\)

Solution:

Here \(\frac{10}{27}-\frac{1}{27}\)

= \(\frac{10-1}{27}\)

= \(\frac{9}{27}=\frac{1}{3}\)

**7.9 Relation to Number Sequences Figure it Out (Page No. 182)**

Question 1.

Carry out the following subtractions using Brahmagupta’s method:

(a) \(\frac{8}{15}-\frac{3}{15}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{8}{15}-\frac{3}{15}\)

Fractional unit for both fractions is \(\frac{1}{15}\) then

\(\frac{8}{15}-\frac{3}{15}=\frac{8-3}{15}\)

= \(\frac{5}{15}=\frac{1}{3}\)

(b) \(\frac{2}{5}-\frac{4}{15}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{2}{5}-\frac{4}{15}\)

Here LCM of 5 and 15 is 15. Fractional unit for both fractions should be \(\frac{1}{15}\)

then \(\frac{2 \times 3}{5 \times 3}-\frac{4 \times 1}{15 \times 1}\)

= \(\frac{6}{15}-\frac{4}{15}\)

= \(\frac{6-4}{15}\)

= \(\frac{2}{15}\)

(c) \(\frac{5}{6}-\frac{4}{9}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{5}{6}-\frac{4}{9}\)

Hence LCM of 6 and 9 is 18. Fractional unit for both fractions should be \(\frac{1}{18}\) then

(d) \(\frac{2}{3}-\frac{1}{2}\)

Solution:

Given \(\frac{2}{3}-\frac{1}{2}\)

Here LCM of 3 and 2 is 6. Fractional unit for both fractions should be \(\frac{1}{6}\)

Question 2.

Subtract as indicated:

(a) \(\frac{13}{4}\) from \(\frac{10}{3}\)

Solution:

Given y – y

Here, LCM of 3 and 4 is 12.

Fractional unit for both fractions should be \(\frac{1}{12}\)

(b) \(\frac{18}{5}\) from \(\frac{23}{3}\)

Solution:

Here, \(\frac{23}{3}-\frac{18}{5}\)

Now, LCM of 3 and 5 is 15.

Fractional unit = \(\frac{1}{15}\) for both fractions

Hence

(c) \(\frac{29}{7}\) from \(\frac{45}{7}\)

Solution:

Here fractional = \(\frac{1}{7}\)for both fractions.

Question 3.

Solve the following problems:

(a) Java’s school is \(\frac{7}{10}\) km from her home. She takes an auto for \(\frac{1}{2}\) km from her home daily, and then walks the remaining distance to reach her school. How much does she walk daily to reach the school?

Solution:

Given distance between Jaya’s school and home is \(\frac{7}{10}\) km and distance covered by Jaya in auto is \(\frac{1}{2}\) km.

∴ Distance Jaya covered by walking = \(\frac{7}{10}\)km – \(\frac{1}{2}\)km

LCM of 10 and 2 is 10.

Hence Jaya walks \(\frac{1}{5}\) km or 200 meters to reach her school.

(b) Jeevika takes \(\frac{10}{3}\) minutes to take a complete round of the park and her 13 friend Namit takes \(\frac{13}{4}\) minutes to do the same. Who takes less time and by how much?

Solution:

Time taken by Jeevika to cover 1 round of park = \(\frac{10}{3}\)mm

Time taken by Namit to cover 1 round of 13 park= \(\frac{13}{4}\) min

To find who takes less time we need to compare \(\frac{10}{3}\) and \(\frac{13}{4}\)

Here, LCM of 3 and 4 is 12

\(\frac{10 \times 4}{3 \times 4}\) and \(\frac{13 \times 3}{4 \times 3}\)

[Expressing fractions in fractional unit \(\frac{1}{12}\)]

= \(\frac{40}{12}\) and \(\frac{39}{12}\)

\(\frac{40}{12}>\frac{39}{12}\)

Hence Namit takes less time

\(\frac{40}{12}-\frac{39}{12}\)

= \(\frac{40-39}{12}=\frac{1}{12}\)

Namit takes \(\frac{1}{2}\) of minutes less than Jeevika.